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For all Lean Enthusiast

User and User Group


Below are the default UID and shell for users in RHEL-7

User UID Shell
Admin 0 /bin/bash
System 1-999 /bin/nologin
Regular 1000 + /bin/bash


  • Whenever a user is created be default it belongs to its own group.
  • At creation, new user gets its default directories and files from /etc/skel
  • Default password length, expiry, GID, UID range etc. is stored in /etc/login.defs
  • /etc/passwd (user information, UID etc)
  • /etc/group (group information, GID, associated user etc.)
  • /etc/shadow (User password, expiry etc.)


  • To add/edit new user & group

# adduser <user>

# useradd <user>

# useradd -g <group> <user>                    //force use GROUP as new primary group

# useradd -u <UID> <user>                       //Add user with specific unique UID

# groupadd <group>

# usermod -aG <group1>,<group2>,<group3> <user>         //to assign multiple group to user

# usermod -G ‘ ’ <user>                  //remove all group

# usermod -s <shell> <user>                     //to change shell

# gpasswd -a <user> <group>                   //add user in new group without removing from other.

# chage -l                                          //view user details from /etc/shadow

# chage -m                                        //modify user days etc.